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# Dependent, Independent, and Constant Variables in Diffusion Lab

October 3, 2023
written by Sidra Batool

Variables in a diffusion lab are the factors that can affect the rate of diffusion.

## Variables in Diffusion Lab

There are three main types of variables in a diffusion lab:

## 1.   Independent variable

The variable that is manipulated by the experimenter. This is the variable that the experimenter is interested in seeing how it affects the dependent variable.

### Examples

• Concentration of the diffusing substance
• Temperature
• Surface area
• Membrane thickness
• Type of membrane

## 2.   Dependent variable

The variable that is measured by the experimenter. This is the variable that the experimenter expects to change as a result of changes in the independent variable.

### Examples

• Rate of diffusion
• Distance diffused
• Equilibrium concentration

## Control variables

All other variables that are kept constant in the experiment. This is important to ensure that the changes in the dependent variable are due to the independent variable and not to any other factors.

### Examples

• Type of diffusing substance
• Volume of diffusing substance
• Type of container
• Length of time
• Agitation of the diffusing substance

## Example of Diffusion Lab

Here is an example of a diffusion lab:

Hypothesis: Increasing the temperature of the diffusing substance will increase the rate of diffusion.

Independent variable: Temperature

Dependent variable: Rate of diffusion

### Control variables

• Type of diffusing substance
• Concentration of the diffusing substance
• Surface area
• Membrane thickness
• Type of membrane
• Volume of diffusing substance
• Type of container
• Length of time
• Agitation of the diffusing substance

### Procedure

1. Set up two diffusion chambers.
2. Fill one diffusion chamber with the diffusing substance at room temperature.
3. Fill the other diffusion chamber with the diffusing substance at a higher temperature.
4. Place both diffusion chambers in the same container.
5. After a certain amount of time, measure the amount of the diffusing substance that has diffused into the container.

Results: The diffusion chamber with the higher temperature will have more of the diffusing substance diffuse into the container than the diffusion chamber with the lower temperature.

Conclusion: The results of the experiment support the hypothesis that increasing the temperature of the diffusing substance will increase the rate of diffusion.

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