Home | Physics | 10 Examples of the Doppler effect

10 Examples of the Doppler effect

September 11, 2023
written by Qamar Zaman

The Doppler effect is a phenomenon that occurs when there is a relative motion between a source of waves and an observer. Examples of the Doppler effect can be observed in everyday life such as the change in pitch of an ambulance siren as it passes by.

Examples of the Doppler Effect

Here are 10 examples of the Doppler effect in everyday life.

1. Ambulance Sirens

A very common example of a Doppler effect is ambulance sirens. As an ambulance approaches, its siren’s sound waves compress together, increasing the pitch. As it passes by, the waves extend, lowering the pitch.

2. Radar Speed Guns

Military use radar speed guns for different purposes. It is also an example of the Doppler effect. Police radar guns detect a vehicle’s speed by emitting radio waves and observing the shifted frequency reflected back due to the Doppler effect.

3. Satellite Navigation

GPS satellites travel at 14,000 mph while we move much slower on Earth. Doppler shifts are used to calculate position.

4. Stellar Redshifts

Light from stars moving away from Earth is redshifted to longer wavelengths due to the Doppler effect indicating an expanding universe.

5. Shock Waves

The sonic booms from supersonic aircraft happen because shock waves compress together near the ground due to the Doppler effect.

6. Ultrasounds

In Doppler ultrasound scans, the change in frequency of echoes passing through moving blood provides vital medical information.

7. Flow Meters

Acoustic flow meters measure fluid velocities by detecting Doppler frequency shifts between sound waves moving with and against the flow.

8. Audio Effects

In music production, the Doppler effect is simulated to create futuristic, spacey sound effects and sweeping pitch changes.

9. Train Horns

The distinctive horn sound when a speeding train passes comes from the rapid Doppler shift between approaching and receding.

10. Medical imaging

Doppler ultrasound uses the Doppler effect to create images of blood flow. The ultrasound transducer emits sound waves and listens for the echoes. The change in frequency of the echoes tells the transducer how fast the blood is flowing.

The Doppler effect is a fascinating phenomenon that has many applications in our everyday lives. It is a reminder that waves are always in motion, and that their frequency can change depending on the relative motion of the source and the observer.

File Under: