Biotic Factors In Aquatic Ecosystem
Biotic factors in an aquatic ecosystem includes algae, plankton, bacteria, seaweed, corals, fish, sharks, seals, whales, jellyfish, aquatic plants, fish, frogs, and insects. These organisms interact and contribute to the overall functioning and biodiversity of the aquatic ecosystem.
10 Biotic Factors In Aquatic Ecosystem
Here are examples of biotic factors in an aquatic system:
Algae are photosynthetic organisms that form the base of the food chain and provide food and oxygen for other aquatic organisms.
Plankton consists of small organisms, including phytoplankton (microscopic plants) and zooplankton (microscopic animals), that live in the water and serve as a food source for many aquatic organisms.
Fish are diverse aquatic organisms that occupy various niches in the ecosystem, serving as predators, herbivores, or scavengers.
Seaweeds, or macroalgae, are large marine plants that provide habitat, shelter, and food for numerous marine species.
Corals are marine invertebrates that form intricate reef structures, providing habitats for many organisms and supporting high biodiversity.
Mollusks, such as clams, mussels, and snails, are aquatic invertebrates that play roles as filter feeders and decomposers in the ecosystem.
7. Marine Mammals
Marine mammals like seals, whales, and dolphins are key components of aquatic ecosystems, influencing food webs and nutrient cycling.
8. Aquatic Birds
Birds that inhabit aquatic ecosystems, including waterfowl, herons, and pelicans, contribute to the ecosystem by consuming fish, insects, and other organisms.
Some amphibians, such as frogs and salamanders, spend part of their life cycle in aquatic environments, contributing to nutrient cycling and serving as indicators of ecosystem health.
Bacteria are microorganisms that play crucial roles in the decomposition of organic matter, nutrient cycling, and maintaining water quality in aquatic ecosystems.