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20 Examples of Lipids

September 21, 2023
written by Sidra Batool

Triglycerides, Phospholipids, Cholesterol, HDL, LDL, Sphingolipids, and Glycolipids are a few examples of lipids.

Examples of Lipids

Here are some important examples of lipids:


Triglycerides are the most common type of fat in the body and serve as an energy storage molecule.


Phospholipids are essential components of cell membranes, with hydrophilic heads and hydrophobic tails.


Cholesterol is a lipid molecule vital for cell membrane structure and the synthesis of hormones.

HDL (High-Density Lipoprotein)

HDL is a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol from the bloodstream to the liver for removal.

LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein)

LDL is a lipoprotein that carries cholesterol to cells in the body and can contribute to plaque buildup in arteries.

VLDL (Very Low-Density Lipoprotein)

VLDL is a lipoprotein that transports triglycerides and cholesterol in the bloodstream.


Sphingolipids are a class of lipids that play structural roles in cell membranes and are involved in cell signaling.

Wax Esters

Wax esters are lipids found in various plant tissues and animal tissues, often providing waterproofing.


Glycolipids are lipids with carbohydrate groups attached, found in cell membranes and cell recognition.


Eicosanoids are lipid signaling molecules, including prostaglandins and leukotrienes, involved in inflammation and other physiological processes.

Steroid Hormones

Steroid hormones, such as testosterone and estrogen, are lipid-based molecules that regulate various physiological functions.


Ceramides are a type of sphingolipid involved in cell signaling and cell adhesion.


Cardiolipin is a phospholipid found in the inner mitochondrial membrane, playing a role in energy production.


Glycerophospholipids are a class of phospholipids containing a glycerol backbone, found in cell membranes.


Triacylglycerols, also known as triglycerides, are fats composed of three fatty acids attached to a glycerol molecule.


Lipopolysaccharides are lipid molecules found in the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria and can trigger immune responses in humans.


Chylomicrons are lipoprotein particles that transport dietary lipids from the intestines to the bloodstream.


Isoprenoids are a diverse group of lipids, including carotenoids and terpenes, with various biological functions.


Squalene is a lipid precursor to cholesterol and is found in the skin’s sebaceous glands.


Plasmalogens are a subclass of phospholipids with a unique vinyl-ether bond, found in cell membranes and nerve tissues.

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