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Neodymium-Discovery, Properties, And Applications

October 15, 2023
written by Adeel abbas

Neodymium is a chemical element with the symbol Nd and atomic number 60. It belongs to the rare earth elements group and is the third most abundant of the rare earth elements after cerium and lanthanum. Neodymium is a soft, silvery metal that tarnishes in air. It is known for its magnetic properties and is used in the production of strong permanent magnets.

image of neodymium element
Neodymium is a chemical element with the symbol Nd and atomic number 60. It belongs to the rare earth elements group and is the third most abundant of the rare earth elements after cerium and lanthanum. Neodymium is a soft, silvery metal that tarnishes in air. It is known for its magnetic properties and is used in the production of strong permanent magnets.
PropertyValue
NameNeodymium
SymbolNd
Atomic number60
Relative atomic mass (Ar)The group in the periodic table
Standard stateSolid at 298 K
AppearanceSilvery white, yellowish tinge
ClassificationMetallic
The group in the periodic table
Period in the periodic tableLanthanoid
Block in the periodic table6 (lanthanoid)
The group in periodic tablef
Shell structure2.8.18.22.8.2
CAS Registry7440-00-8

Discovery

Neodymium was first discovered in 1885 by Austrian chemist Carl Auer von Welsbach, who separated it from didymium, a mixture of rare earth elements.

Physical Properties

Neodymium is a silvery-white metal that is malleable and ductile. It has a melting point of 1,021°C and a boiling point of 3,074°C. Neodymium has a density of 7.01 g/cm³, which is about one-third lighter than iron. It is also highly reactive and easily oxidizes when exposed to air.

Chemical Properties

Neodymium is a rare earth element and is classified as a metal. It is highly reactive and reacts with most nonmetals and metals, including oxygen, nitrogen, and water. It forms various compounds, including oxides, halides, and sulfates.

Facts

Neodymium is used to make high-strength permanent magnets for various applications, such as in computer hard drives, electric motors, and headphones. It is also used in the production of colored glass, lasers, and in lighting. Neodymium is also used in nuclear reactors as a dopant for enhancing nuclear reactions.

Applications

Neodymium is widely used in the production of high-strength permanent magnets, which are used in many modern applications, including wind turbines, hybrid cars, and electric motors. It is also used in the production of glass for lighting and for making color filters for televisions and computer monitors. Neodymium is also used in the manufacture of laser materials, ceramic capacitors, and in nuclear reactors.