Collinear Points-Definition, Formula, And Methods To Find Collinear Points
Collinear points are three or more points that lie on the same straight line. The word ‘Collinear’ is a compound word made up of two words: ‘co’, meaning togetherness, and ‘linear’, meaning a line. Collinear points might exist on different planes, but not on different lines. Therefore, as the points are collinear, it is known as collinearity. Non-collinear points are points that do not lie in a straight line.
- Collinear Points Definition
- Collinear Points in Math
- Non-Collinear Points
- Collinear Point’s Formula
- Frequently Asked Question-FAQs
- What are collinear points in Geometry?
- What is the meaning of the words ‘collinear’?
- Can we draw a straight line through collinear points?
- What are the three basic ways of proving collinear points?
- What is the difference between collinearity and coplanarity?
- What are some real-life examples of collinear points?
- What are Non-Collinear Points?
- Can collinear points be coplanar as well?
Collinear Points Definition
The term “collinear” is a combination of two Latin words: “col” + “linear”. “Col” means together and “linear” means line. So, collinear points are points that lie on the same line.
You can see many examples of collinearity in real life, such as a group of students standing in a straight line, or a bunch of apples kept in a row next to each other.
In geometry, two or more points are said to be collinear if they lie on the same line. So the collinear points are the set of points that lie on a single straight line.
Collinear Points in Math
In Mathematics, Collinear points are points that lie on the same straight line. As you can see in the figure below, points P, Q, and R are collinear.
A non-collinear point is a point that doesn’t lie in a straight line. The example of non-collinear points is given below:
Collinear Point’s Formula
The collinear point’s formula is a mathematical way of determining whether three points are collinear, or in a straight line. There are various methods of calculating this – some more complex than others – but the collinear point’s formula is a reliable way to check whether three points are indeed in a straight line. There are three methods to find the collinear points. They are:
- Area of triangle
- Distance Formula
- Slope Formula
Area of triangle Formula
This method relies on the fact that three collinear points cannot form a triangle. This means that if any three points are collinear, they cannot form a triangle. To check the points of the triangle for collinearity, we use them in the formula for the area of a triangle. If the area is equal to 0, then those points will be considered to be collinear. In other words, a triangle formed by three collinear points will have no area since it would just be a line joining the three points. The formula for the area of a triangle that is used to check the collinearity of points is as follows:
The area of the triangle with the given points (vertices) A(x1, y1), B(x2, y2), and C(x3, y3) is:
The three points are collinear if the sum of the distance between the first and second points plus the distance between the second and third points is equal to the distance between the first and third points.
For example, if we take A, B, and C as any three collinear points, then
Distance from A to B + Distance from B to C = Distance from A to C
So, A, B, and C are collinear points.
Now, by the distance formula we know, the distance between two points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) is given by;
We can use the slope formula to find out whether or not the three points are collinear. If the three points have equal slopes, then they are collinear.
For example, if we have three points X, Y, and Z, they will be collinear only if the slope of line XY is equal to the slope of line YZ is equal to the slope of line XZ. To calculate the slope of the line joining two points, we use the slope formula.
The slope of the line joining points P(x1, y1) and Q(x2, y2) is:
Three points are said to be collinear if they lie on the same straight line. This property is known as collinearity. Collinear points can exist on different planes.
Frequently Asked Question-FAQs
What are collinear points in Geometry?
Collinearity is a term used in geometry to describe when three or more points are aligned on a straight line.
What is the meaning of the words ‘collinear’?
The word collinear is a compound word that is composed of two Latin terms; ‘co’ meaning togetherness and ‘linear’ meaning line. So, collinear means together in a line.
Can we draw a straight line through collinear points?
Yes, we can draw a straight line through collinear points.
What are the three basic ways of proving collinear points?
There are three ways to determine if the points are collinear, they are:
Area of triangle
What is the difference between collinearity and coplanarity?
Collinearity is a property of three or more points that lie on the same straight line. Coplanarity, on the other hand, is the property of points that are positioned on the same plane.
What are some real-life examples of collinear points?
Examples of collinear points in real-life situations are as follows:
The numbers on a ruler are collinear points.
Commuters seated on a train are collinear points.
Plants in one row in a garden are collinear points.
Bottles in a row in the fridge are collinear points.
Students of a class standing in a line during a school assembly are collinear points.
What are Non-Collinear Points?
If three or more points do not lie on the same straight line, then they are said to be non-collinear points.
Can collinear points be coplanar as well?
Yes, we can consider collinear points to be coplanar. If the points are collinear, then they are positioned on any of the infinite numbers of planes. Hence, collinear points are coplanar, but coplanar points might or might not be collinear.