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10 Examples of Alkyl Halides

August 17, 2023
written by Sidra Batool

Alkyl halides are a class of organic compounds that contain one or more halogen atoms (fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine) bonded to an alkyl group. The alkyl group is a hydrocarbon group that consists of a chain of carbon atoms with hydrogen atoms attached.

Examples of Alkyl Halides

Here are few examples of Alkyl Halides:

1. Methyl Chloride

Chemical Formula: CH₃Cl

Common Name: Methyl chloride

Uses: Used as a refrigerant, a solvent in various chemical processes, and in the production of silicone compounds.

2. Ethyl Bromide

Chemical Formula: C₂H₅Br

Common Name: Ethyl bromide

Uses: Previously used as an anesthetic, but its use has been largely discontinued due to safety concerns.

3. Isopropyl Fluoride

Chemical Formula: (CH₃)₂CHF

Common Name: Isopropyl fluoride

   Uses: Used in the production of pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals.

4. 1-Chlorobutane

Chemical Formula: C₄H₉Cl

Uses: Used in organic synthesis as a starting material for the production of various compounds.

5. 2-Bromopentane

Chemical Formula: C₅H₁₁Br

Uses: Used in chemical processes and as a solvent in various applications.

6. 3-Iodoheptane

Chemical Formula: C₇H₁₅I

Uses: Used in organic synthesis and the preparation of pharmaceuticals and other fine chemicals.

7. 1-Fluorocyclohexane

Chemical Formula: C₆H₁₁F

Uses: Employed in various chemical reactions and processes.

8. 2-Chloro-2-methylpropane (tert-Butyl Chloride)

Chemical Formula: (CH₃)₃CCl

Common Name: tert-Butyl chloride

Uses: Used as a reagent in organic synthesis and as a solvent.

9. 1-Bromobutane

Chemical Formula: C₄H₉Br

Uses: Utilized in the production of various organic compounds.

10. 2-Iodo-3-methylpentane

Chemical Formula: C₆H₁₃I

Uses: Used as a reagent in organic synthesis to introduce specific functional groups.

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