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30 Examples Of Common Chemical Compounds with Chemical Formula

August 17, 2023
written by Sidra Batool

A chemical compound is a substance composed of two or more elements that are chemically bonded together.

image showing Examples Of Chemical Compounds

Examples Of Chemical Compounds

Here are 30 most common examples of chemical compounds:

1. Water

   Chemical Formula: H₂O

   Composition: 2 hydrogen atoms, 1 oxygen atom

image showing WATER molecule as an Example Of Chemical Compounds

2. Sodium Chloride (Table Salt)

   Chemical Formula: NaCl

   Composition: 1 sodium atom, 1 chlorine atom

image showing table salt molecule as an Example Of Chemical Compounds

3. Carbon Dioxide

   Chemical Formula: CO₂

   Composition: 1 carbon atom, 2 oxygen atoms

image showing carbon di oxide molecule as an Example Of Chemical Compounds

4. Glucose

   Chemical Formula: C₆H₁₂O₆

   Composition: 6 carbon atoms, 12 hydrogen atoms, 6 oxygen atoms

image showing Glucose molecule as an Example Of Chemical Compounds

5. Methane

   Chemical Formula: CH₄

   Composition: 1 carbon atom, 4 hydrogen atoms

image showing methane molecule as an Example Of Chemical Compounds

6. Ethanol

   Chemical Formula: C₂H₅OH

   Composition: 2 carbon atoms, 6 hydrogen atoms, 1 oxygen atom

7. Ammonia

   Chemical Formula: NH₃

   Composition: 1 nitrogen atom, 3 hydrogen atoms

image showing Ammonia molecule as an Example Of Chemical Compounds

8. Sulfuric Acid

   Chemical Formula: H₂SO₄

   Composition: 2 hydrogen atoms, 1 sulfur atom, 4 oxygen atoms

9. Ethylene (Ethene)

   Chemical Formula: C₂H₄

   Composition: 2 carbon atoms, 4 hydrogen atoms

10. Calcium Carbonate

    Chemical Formula: CaCO₃

    Composition: 1 calcium atom, 1 carbon atom, 3 oxygen atoms

11. Hydrochloric Acid

    Chemical Formula: HCl

    Composition: 1 hydrogen atom, 1 chlorine atom

12. Nitric Acid

    Chemical Formula: HNO₃

    Composition: 1 hydrogen atom, 1 nitrogen atom, 3 oxygen atoms

13. Sucrose (Table Sugar)

    Chemical Formula: C₁₂H₂₂O₁₁

    Composition: 12 carbon atoms, 22 hydrogen atoms, 11 oxygen atoms

14. Acetic Acid

    Chemical Formula: CH₃COOH

    Composition: 2 carbon atoms, 4 hydrogen atoms, 2 oxygen atoms

15. Methanol

    Chemical Formula: CH₃OH

    Composition: 1 carbon atom, 4 hydrogen atoms, 1 oxygen atom

16. Glycerol

    Chemical Formula: C₃H₈O₃

    Composition: 3 carbon atoms, 8 hydrogen atoms, 3 oxygen atoms

17. Ammonium Nitrate

    Chemical Formula: NH₄NO₃

    Composition: 4 hydrogen atoms, 1 nitrogen atom, 3 oxygen atoms

18. Benzene

    Chemical Formula: C₆H₆

    Composition: 6 carbon atoms, 6 hydrogen atoms

19. Potassium Hydroxide

    Chemical Formula: KOH

    Composition: 1 potassium atom, 1 oxygen atom, 1 hydrogen atom

20. Sodium Bicarbonate (Baking Soda)

    Chemical Formula: NaHCO₃

    Composition: 1 sodium atom, 1 hydrogen atom, 1 carbon atom, 3 oxygen atoms

21. Hydrogen Peroxide

    Chemical Formula: H₂O₂

    Composition: 2 hydrogen atoms, 2 oxygen atoms

22. Sodium Hydroxide (Caustic Soda)

    Chemical Formula: NaOH

    Composition: 1 sodium atom, 1 oxygen atom, 1 hydrogen atom

23. Urea

    Chemical Formula: CH₄N₂O

    Composition: 1 carbon atom, 4 hydrogen atoms, 2 nitrogen atoms, 1 oxygen atom

24. Aspirin

    Chemical Formula: C₉H₈O₄

    Composition: 9 carbon atoms, 8 hydrogen atoms, 4 oxygen atoms

25. Caffeine

    Chemical Formula: C₈H₁₀N₄O₂

    Composition: 8 carbon atoms, 10 hydrogen atoms, 4 nitrogen atoms, 2 oxygen atoms

26. Carbon Tetrachloride

    Chemical Formula: CCl₄

    Composition: 1 carbon atom, 4 chlorine atoms

27. Sodium Carbonate (Soda Ash)

    Chemical Formula: Na₂CO₃

    Composition: 2 sodium atoms, 1 carbon atom, 3 oxygen atoms

28. Methane

    Chemical Formula: CH₄

    Composition: 1 carbon atom, 4 hydrogen atoms

29. Sulfur Hexafluoride

    Chemical Formula: SF₆

    Composition: 1 sulfur atom, 6 fluorine atoms

30. Lactic Acid

    Chemical Formula: C₃H₆O₃

    Composition: 3 carbon atoms, 6 hydrogen atoms, 3 oxygen atoms

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