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# 10 Examples of Divisors in Mathematics

September 21, 2023 written by Rida Mirza

In mathematics, divisors are numbers that evenly divide another number without leaving a remainder. They play a important role in number theory, factorization, and many areas of mathematics.

In this article, we will explore ten examples of divisors in mathematics, highlighting their significance and applications.

## Examples of Divisors

These are ten examples of divisors.

### 1: Understanding Divisors

Divisors, also known as factors, are numbers that divide another number without leaving a remainder.

For example, the divisors of 12 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 12.

### 2: Positive Divisors

Positive divisors are divisors that are greater than 0.

For example, the positive divisors of 18 are 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 18.

### 3: Negative Divisors

Negative divisors are divisors that are less than 0. Negative divisors are less commonly used but are still valid.

For example, the negative divisors of -12 are -1, -2, -3, -4, -6, and -12.

### 4: Prime Numbers

Prime numbers have only two positive divisors, 1 and themselves.

Examples include 2, 3, 5, and 7.

### 5: Perfect Numbers

Perfect numbers are numbers that are equal to the sum of their positive divisors (excluding themselves). The smallest perfect number is 6 (divisors: 1, 2, 3).

### 6: Amicable Numbers

Amicable numbers are pairs of numbers in which each number is equal to the sum of the positive divisors of the other.

An example is the pair (220, 284).

### 7: Divisor Functions

Mathematicians use divisor functions like the sum of divisors (sigma function) and the number of divisors function to analyze divisors’ properties.

### 8: Divisors in Factorization

Divisors are crucial in factorization, where numbers are expressed as products of their prime divisors.

For example, the prime factorization of 36 is 2^2 * 3^2.

### 9: Divisors in Geometry

In geometry, divisors play a role in defining geometric shapes.

For example, a rectangle with dimensions 6 units by 4 units has divisors of its area: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 24.

### 10: Real-World Applications of Divisors

Divisors are used in various real-world applications, such as calculating the number of ways to distribute objects or finding common denominators in fractions.

Understanding divisors is essential in number theory, factorization, and solving mathematical problems.

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