Home | English | Pronoun-Definition, Types, and Usage

Pronoun-Definition, Types, and Usage

February 5, 2024
written by Sidra Batool

What is Pronoun?

A pronoun is a word or phrase that takes the place of a noun. It helps to avoid repetition and make the language more efficient.

image showing What is Pronoun

Pronouns are often used to refer to people, places, things, or ideas without having to repeat the specific noun they represent. Examples of pronouns include “he,” “she,” “it,” “they,” “we,” and “you.”

Instead of repeating the same noun over and over, you can use a pronoun to refer back to it. For example, instead of saying “The dog chased the ball. The dog caught the ball.”, you can say “The dog chased the ball. It caught the ball.”

Types of Pronoun

Here are the main types of pronoun:

image showing Types of Pronoun

1: Personal Pronouns

Personal pronouns are words that replace specific people or things in a sentence. They include different forms for the subject, object, possessive, and emphatic, serving various functions in communication.

image showing What is  Personal Pronoun as a type of pronoun


  • Subject: I, you, he, she, it, we, they (refer to the subject of the sentence)
  • Object: me, you, him, her, it, us, them (refer to the object of the sentence)
  • Possessive: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs (show ownership)
  • Emphatic: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves (emphasize the subject)


  1. Subject: “I went to the store.”
  2. Object: “They helped me find the book.”
  3. Possessive: “This is my pen.”
  4. Emphatic: “I did it myself.”

2: Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns indicate ownership or possession of a particular person or thing. They eliminate the need for repeating nouns and show who or what something belongs to.

image showing What is  Possessive Pronoun as a type of pronoun


  • Singular: mine, yours, his, hers, its
  • Plural: ours, yours, theirs


  1. “This phone is mine.”
  2. “The book is theirs.”

3: Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns point to specific things or places, helping to identify or distinguish them in a conversation. They include both singular and plural forms.

 image showing What is Demonstrative Pronoun as a type of pronoun


  • Singular: this, that
  • Plural: these, those


  1. “This is the book you wanted.”
  2. “Those are your shoes.”

4: Interrogative Pronouns

Interrogative pronouns are used to ask questions, seeking information about people, things, ideas, choices, or possession.

image showing What is Interrogative Pronoun as a type of pronoun


  • Who: refers to people
  • What: refers to things
  • Which: refers to a choice between two or more things
  • Whom: refers to the object of a preposition (less common)
  • Whose: shows ownership


  1. “Who wrote this book?”
  2. “What is your favorite color?”
  3. “Which one do you prefer?”

5: Reflexive Pronouns

Reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject of the sentence, emphasizing the action or expressing an action done to oneself.


  • Singular: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself
  • Plural: ourselves, yourselves, themselves


  1. “She hurt herself.”
  2. “We helped ourselves.”

6: Relative Pronouns

Relative pronouns connect clauses and introduce dependent clauses, providing additional information about a noun in the sentence.


  • Who: refers to people
  • Which: refers to things
  • That: refers to people or things
  • Whose: shows ownership


  1. “The book that I read was amazing.”
  2. “The teacher who helped me is very kind.”

7: Indefinite Pronouns

Indefinite pronouns refer to nonspecific people, things, or amounts, conveying a sense of ambiguity or generality.


  • Singular: somebody, someone, anybody, everyone, nobody, anything, everything, something, nothing, each, either, neither, one, other, another
  • Plural: few, many, several, all, most, some, none, any, both


  1. “Everyone likes ice cream.”
  2. “Few people came to the party.”

8: Reciprocal Pronouns

Reciprocal pronouns express a mutual relationship between two or more people, emphasizing the exchange of actions or feelings.


  • Singular (rare): each other
  • Plural: one another


  1. “They love each other.”
  2. “We helped one another.”

9: Intensive Pronouns

Intensive pronouns emphasize the noun they refer to, adding emphasis to the subject or object in a sentence.


  1. “I, myself, did it.”
  2. “She painted the picture, herself.”

10: Dummy Pronouns (Expletives)

Dummy pronouns, like “there” and “it,” are used to introduce a sentence or clause without carrying specific meaning. They serve as placeholders or introductory elements.


Singular: there, it


  1. “There is a book on the table.”
  2. “It is raining outside.”
File Under: