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Difference between client-server network and peer-to-peer network

December 22, 2022

The primary difference between a client-server network and a peer-to-peer network is that a peer-to-peer network is made up of individuals computer that works together to share resources and provide a service. Unlike a client-server model, where the client typically depends on the server computer to use services.

image showing the client-server vs peer-to-peer network

In a peer-to-peer network, there is no central authority. This configuration makes it more difficult for one user to affect or control the activities of other users. There is no owner or manager, and corruption and misuse of the network are less likely.

Client-server network

This network involves a server, a computer that controls the network. A server is a computer that helps manage files and data. It often has extra resources like a printer that is shared by all clients on the network. The clients are all the other computers on the network.

Under this network, the server usually does the processing. Client/server has attached a lot of attention because a well-designed system reduces the volume of data traffic on the network and allows faster response at each node.

Peer-to-Peer network

Peer-to-peer networks work similarly to how the Internet does. Every computer is equal and users share what is needed from other devices. The main disadvantage of peer-to-peer networks is that they can slow down when there are too many people using them.

However, their main disadvantage is that users’ privacy may be compromised.

Client-server network vs Peer to Peer network

Here we will see some differences between client-server networks vs peer-to-peer networks, which are given below:

Client-Server networkPeer-to-Peer network
This network involves a server, a computer that controls the network.All computers in a peer-to-peer network have equal status.
The client-server network is more expensive than the peer-to-peer network.  The peer-to-peer network is cheaper as compared to the Client-Server network.
A client-server network is used for both large and small networks.A peer-to-peer network is just used for a small network.
A centralized server is used to store the data, in the client-server network.  In a peer-to-peer network, Each peer has its own data.
This network is more stable than compared to the peer-to-peer network.This network is less stable if the number of peers is increased.
Client-Server Network focuses on information sharing.While Peer-to-Peer Network focuses on connectivity.