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Information Technology (IT) – Role, Applications

November 7, 2022

Information technology (IT) is the branch of computer science and other physical devices to create, process, store, retrieve, and exchange data and information. It is a broad term that refers to all aspects of computing and telecommunications, including hardware, software, networks, data storage, and security.

Information technology enables people to communicate with each other through high-speed computer networks. The interconnectedness of computers allows people the quickly exchange information between people in different locations. Communication links are also used to communicate with different people in the world.

Role of information technology

Information technology in Business

It is an integral part of business and can make the difference between a company’s success or failure. A company’s communications, management, and data processes can be significantly enhanced when IT professionals are involved from the start.

IT professionals play a vital role in helping management make informed decisions, whether it’s upgrading hardware, implementing new applications, or helping to manage employee communication.

This is a continuously growing field and companies with a strong IT team are likely to be more progressive and profitable in the long run.


The world has become increasingly interconnected due to advances in information technology. This means that people living in different parts of the world can communicate with each other as if they were living in the same village.

This has become possible due to fast communication links. Information can be transferred from one place to another quickly and easily.

The electronic exchange of information between various industries has enabled digital convergence, which is very important in today’s day and age. Information can be transferred in any form, such as text, photos, audio, and video. This type of technology has allowed different types of institutions and organizations to become a part of the digital world

Information gathering

Information is key in every area of life. It can be used to improve your standard of living or to solve different problems you may come across. For example, if you have the latest information about the medical field, you can use it to cure different diseases. Having this knowledge can literally be a lifesaver.

Applications of Information Technology

Some important applications of information technology are as follows:

Artificial Intelligence: It is used to develop machines with human-like qualities such as learning, seeing and hearing, etc.

Web-Based Applications: It is a type of software application that is available on the Web. The user can use it by connecting to the Internet.

E-Commerce: It is a process of performing business over the Internet. E-commerce is the online selling of products or services over the Internet. It is the fastest-growing retail industry in the world.

Mobile Commerce: Mobile commerce (also known as m-commerce) refers to e-commerce conducted via mobile devices, including smartphones, tablets, and personal digital assistants. Mobile commerce is expected to become increasingly popular over time, due to the increasing number of people using mobile phones and the fact that they spend more time on their mobile phones than on any other device.

In addition, many consumers prefer to shop while on the go, rather than sitting at home.

Computer animation: It is a process to create moving images using computers.

Distributed Computing: It is a process of running a single task on multiple computers.

Multimedia & Hypermedia: Multimedia refers to the collection of computer-presented graphics, animation, audio, and video. Hypermedia, on the other hand, is the process of creating links to multimedia files that include photos, audio, videos, and text.