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10 Examples of Solubility

October 8, 2023
written by shahzad haider

Solubility is a fundamental property that describes the ability of a substance (solute) to dissolve in a solvent under specific conditions. This concept is crucial in chemistry and has implications in various fields. In this article, we’ll delve into 10 different examples of solubility, examining the factors influencing solubility and its practical applications.

Examples of Solubility

Here are 10 Examples of Solubility:

1. Salt (NaCl) in Water

Salt, such as sodium chloride (NaCl), is highly soluble in water. The polar nature of water molecules facilitates the dissociation of NaCl into ions, leading to a clear solution. The temperature and pressure affect the solubility, with higher temperatures generally increasing solubility.

2. Sugar (Sucrose) in Water

Sugar, or sucrose, demonstrates high solubility in water. When you stir sugar into a cup of tea, the sugar molecules break down and disperse evenly throughout the water. Like salt, the solubility of sugar is influenced by temperature, with warmer water allowing more sugar to dissolve.

3. Oxygen (O2) in Water

Oxygen dissolves in water, especially in bodies of water like oceans and lakes. The solubility of oxygen in water is vital for aquatic life, as it enables the exchange of oxygen between the atmosphere and aquatic ecosystems. Factors like temperature and pressure affect the solubility of gases like oxygen.

4. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) in Soda

Carbon dioxide (CO2) exhibits solubility in liquids, and in the case of soda, it dissolves in water under high pressure. When you open a soda bottle, the release of pressure reduces the solubility of CO2, leading to the formation of bubbles. The solubility of CO2 in water is inversely proportional to temperature.

5. Oil (Nonpolar Substance) in Hexane

While oil is not soluble in water due to its nonpolar nature, it demonstrates solubility in nonpolar solvents like hexane. This principle is crucial in organic chemistry and Solvent extraction processes, where nonpolar solvents are used to dissolve nonpolar substances.

6. Ammonium Chloride (NH4Cl) in Water

Ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) is a salt that dissolves readily in water. The dissolution process involves the dissociation of NH4Cl into ammonium ions (NH4+) and chloride ions (Cl-). The solubility of NH4Cl is influenced by temperature, with higher temperatures enhancing solubility.

7. Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) in Vinegar

Calcium carbonate, found in materials like limestone, is sparingly soluble in water but dissolves readily in acidic solutions like vinegar (acetic acid). This reaction produces carbon dioxide gas, visible as fizzing, emphasizing the role of solvent composition in solubility.

8. Potassium Nitrate (KNO3) in Water

Potassium nitrate (KNO3) is a salt that demonstrates solubility in water. The dissolution of KNO3 results in potassium ions (K+) and nitrate ions (NO3-) in the solution. The solubility of salts in water is affected by factors such as temperature and the presence of other ions.

9. Methane (CH4) in Water

Methane is sparingly soluble in water due to its nonpolar nature. While some methane can dissolve, the overall solubility is relatively low. This property has implications in environmental studies, particularly in the context of aquatic ecosystems.

10. Iodine (I2) in Hexane

Iodine (I2) is sparingly soluble in water but demonstrates high solubility in nonpolar solvents like hexane. This solubility behavior is utilized in laboratories for specific extraction processes. Understanding the solubility of iodine is crucial in various chemical analyses.

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