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What is Web Browser – History of Web Browsers

August 6, 2022

A web browser is software used to search and view web pages on the internet. The web browser displays information on the web page on the user’s screen after fetching it from the web server. A web acts as an interface between the user and the internet. The web browser can display text and graphics to the user.

Image showing the Popular  web browser

The browser contracts a web server and sends a request for the required information. The web server finds out the information for the requested web page and sends this information to the web browser. The browser gets the information and then shows it on the user’s computer.

Popular web browsers are as follows:

  • Internet Explorer
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Google Chrome
  • Opera
  • Safari       

History of Web browser

The first Web browser, called WorldWideWeb, was created in 1990 by Tim Berners Lee. This browser is totally different, that browser was modified, to Nexus to avoid confusion with the developing information space known as the World Wide Web.

The web browser with a graphical user interface “Mosaic” was released in 1993. After the development of “Mosaic”, Marc Andreessen (leader of the Mosaic Team) started working on a new web browser, which was released in 1994 and was named “Netscape Navigator”.

After this, Internet Explorer was developed in 1995 and then Mozilla Firefox was developed in 2002, and so on.

Working on Web Browser

The web browser is used to retrieve information from the World Wide Web and display it on the user’s screen. This information is transferred through a protocol called Hypertext Transfer Protocol, Which defines how images, texts, and videos are transmitted on the web. The web pages are made up of HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language). HTML is used for making static web pages.